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44                                       FLORA  INDICA,

lication, except where there are obvious reasons for the con-
trary, which we shall explicitly state.

Lastly, we find it necessary to say a few words regarding t
the employment of the native appellations of plants an specific
names. These are in general very uncouth, and disagreeable
to those who are unfamiliar with Indian languages ; moreover,
they are quite unpronounceable without special education in
the mode of spelling. The only advantage which they are
supposed to possess, is the identification of useful specie** by
their means. This we believe to be an entire delusion, except
in a very few exceptional cases, where the native nauics art* »o
extensively known that they ought to be learned a» a part of
a language, and not sought for in the catalogues of Hcientific
botany. In general they axe mere local appellation*, confined
to a single dialect of one of the many languages of quite dif-
ferent roots spoken over the area the plant inhabits Added
to this, they are, in by far the greater number of cww,
founded on error ; and it becomes necessary for the »y»tcma-
tist to explain, that the name which, by the laws of priority,
is irretrievably placed upon the records of the science, has
been misapplied, and ought to be borne by another, and fre-
quently very different plant, or by none at all. We have
therefore retained native names with* great xinwillmgness, and
have not hesitated to change them wherever it hoa appoaml
practicable without violation of established rulea,

In conclusion, we may state that in all these points we have
only followed the example set by Wight and Anxoti in their
' Erodromus Horse Peninsulse Orientnlia/ a work which in, w
regards Indian Botany, unique; and indeed there are few *y»-
tematic works in our own or any other language, that equal it
for accuracy, truly philosophical views of the limits of genera,
species, and varieties, and scrupulous attention to the details
of nomenclature, synonymy, etc*

oellent) laid down by the British A»«oci§jti<m for nomenclature in Natural
toi£» we Have, in common with errery bbtaniri who ta» tried to do w>, tan,
obliged to «ef them aside in many instance*.